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Hammond

Collection name:  Hammond
Collector: Peter Hammond
Accession number: LIVNP 1998.26

Peter Hammond (1959-present) has been a lifelong resident of Nottingham in the English Midlands and has a degree in archaeology.  He became interested in pipes as a child, collecting broken fragments from ploughed fields and later from canal dredgings, building sites, and Victorian rubbish dumps in and around the city.  He also studied material from local archaeological excavations and researched the regional pipemakers.  Over time he became increasingly interested in the decorative pipes of nineteenth and early twentieth century date, which he collected from rubbish dumps, ‘bottle fairs’ and other collectors, with published notes appearing in a range of local and national journals from 1975 onwards (see Bibliography below).  He has also been a member of the Society for Clay Pipe Research since its first meeting in 1984 and has for many years been its membership secretary and treasurer.

He started collecting clay pipes in 1972 when he chanced upon one in a local ploughed field, and commenced recording his finds the same year in a series of illustrated notebooks (the ‘Hammond Notebooks’), a copy of which was made for the National Pipe Archive in 1990.  When copied, the catalogue comprised 38 separate green notebooks plus an additional volume containing a concordance / index listing where each pipe had been acquired.  The pages of each notebook have been consecutively numbered (from 1-1718) and each starts with an introduction linking it with the other volumes and giving the date upon which it was started.  Within each notebook there are pages of text listing and describing the individual fragments, interspersed with pages upon which pencil drawings of the fragments themselves have been made.  Each of the drawings is numbered and the same number has been used to identify the accompanying text entry.  Most of the text is purely descriptive of the objects themselves and not a lot of detail about the identification of the maker(s) or dating of the pieces is given, nor details of where they were found or obtained.  It is important to note that the ‘book numbers’ used for these drawings and captions are different from the ‘pipe numbers’ allocated to the pipes themselves.

Prior to the notebooks being copied in 1990, each pipe in the Hammond Collection had been allocated a unique ‘pipe number’, which had been written on the pipe itself with black ink, usually on the outside of the bowl or on the stem.  This number was not the same as the ‘book number’, which was used for the drawing and text entry in each notebook.  In order to relate the ‘pipe number’ to the ‘book number’ it is necessary to use the concordance given in the final volume.  The concordance also gives a brief note of where the pipe was obtained.  The ‘book numbers’ in the first 38 volumes run from 1 - 4,343, while the concordance volume includes items up to number 4,655.  The ‘pipe numbers’ in the 38 notebooks go up to 3,200, and 3,486 in the concordance.  Over the years quite a number of pipes have been swopped or sold as the collection has grown and so the concordance is useful for other collectors in identifying pieces that can be recognised as having previously been in the Hammond collection from the number that is written on them.

When the notebooks and concordance were copied for the Archive in 1990 they were photocopied onto A3 sheets, with each copy showing a double page from the notebooks.  These sheets have subsequently been bound into seven hard backed volumes, each of which has a separate accession number (LIVNP:1998.26.1 – LIVNP:1998.26.7).  The following table shows the accession number for each volume, together with the numbers of the original Hammond notebooks that it contains, the page range that it includes and the start date for the first notebook in each volume.

NPA Accession No

Hammond Notebooks

Pages

Start Date

LIVNP 1998.26.1

Vols 1 - 5

1 - 200

4/11/72

LIVNP 1998.26.2

Vols 6 - 11

201 - 460

20/1/74

LIVNP 1998.26.3

Vols 12 - 18

461 - 740

1/12/74

LIVNP 1998.26.4

Vols 19 - 25

741 - 1020

29/6/76

LIVNP 1998.26.5

Vols 26 - 32

1021 - 1300

18/11/78

LIVNP 1998.26.6

Vols 33 - 36

1301 - 1588

23/10/80

LIVNP 1998.26.7

Vols 37 - 38

1589 - 1718

14/1/84

Pressures of time and work, plus a growing family, meant that only a few notebooks were compiled after 1990, even though Peter has continued to collect pipes ever since, with more recent sources including antique fairs, eBay, and the River Thames.  The additional notebooks that were not photocopied and bound in 1990 were borrowed and digitally scanned in September 2016 so that the Archive holds a complete set of those that exist.

The following volumes are currently available in digital PDF format:-

Vol
Pages
Start Date
1509-1588
26/12/1982
1589-1638
14/1/1984
1639-1718
10/1/1987
1719-1806
24/3/1989
1807-1900
3/1990

Bibliography

Hammond, P. J., 1975, 'Clay pipes and relics', Nottinghamshire Countryside (March).

Hammond, P. J., 1975, 'Clay pipes excavated from two wells at the Bell Inn, Nottingham', Nottingham Historical Arts Society Newsletter (December).

Hammond, P. J., 1979, 'Pipes recovered from caves.  Nottingham Caves - articles and site reports', Nottingham Historical Arts Society.

Hammond, P. J., 1981, 'Pipes recovered from the Goosegate Caves', in P. Nix, The Goosegate Report, 10-12.

Hammond, P., 1981, 'Patriotic and civic pipes I', Antique Bottle Collecting, 7, No 3 (March).

Hammond, P., 1982, ‘Pipemaking in Nottingham after 1800', in P. Davey (ed.), The Archaeology of the Clay Tobacco Pipe, VII, British Archaeological Reports, British Series 100, Oxford, 19-89.

Hammond, P., 1985, ‘Registered and Patented Clay Tobacco Pipes' in P. Davey (ed.), The Archaeology of the Clay Tobacco Pipe, British Archaeological Reports, British Series 146(i), 29‑156.

Hammond, P., 1985, ‘The Clay Pipe Making Industry of Newark’, Transactions of the Thoroton Society, LXXXIX, 86-107.

Hammond, P., 1985, 'Further information on London pipemakers', Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 8, 2-5.

Hammond, P. J., 1985, 'Clay tobacco pipe makers' Nottinghamshire Family History Society Journal, 4, No 11 (April), 21-5.

Hammond, P., 1985, 'American and Canadian Imports', Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 7, 10-11.

Hammond, P., 1986, ‘Points Arising . . .’ [regarding Irish pipes], Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 11, 27-8.

Hammond, P., 1986, SCPR 11 (July), ‘Corrections and Additions to 'Registered and Patented Clay Tobacco Pipes' Published in BAR 146, 1985’, Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 10, 32-3.

Hammond, P., 1987, ‘Fire: The Pipemaker's Nightmare', Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 13, 26‑33.

Hammond, P., 1988, Registered and Patented Clay Tobacco Pipes (revised reprint of Hammond 1985), privately published.

Hammond, P., 1987, 'Points arising. . .' [Scottish pipes], Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 15, 35-6.

Hammond, P. J., 1987 ‘The London Commercial Agents of French Clay Pipe Manufacturers Louis Fiolet and Audebert Fiolet’, Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 15, 16 – 21.

Hammond, P. J., 1988, Pipes recovered from the well of the 'Lord Nelson', Carlton Street, Nottingham, Journal of the Nottingham Historical and Archaeological Society. 

Hammond, P., 1988, ‘Another Edwin Southorn Token', Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 17, 18.

Hammond, P. J., 1988 ‘Was Your Ancestor a Pipe Maker’, Family Tree Magazine, 4:10, 4 – 6.

Hammond, P. J., 1988 ‘Strikes and Wage Disputes within the British Clay Tobacco Pipe Making Industry’, Clay Pipe Research, 1, 15 – 24.

Hammond, P. J., 1989, 'The story behind a unique gravestone', Nottinghamshire Historian, 42 (spring/summer), 13-17.

Hammond, P., 1991, ‘The Earliest Known Edwin Southorn Pipe?', Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 32, 4.

Hammond, P. J., 1991‘The Lambert Family of Tobacco Pipe Makers’, Clay Pipe Research, 2, 1-10.

Jackson, Reg; Jackson, Philomena; Melton, Nigel and Hammond, Peter, 1992, ‘Ireland 1992’, Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 36, 32-37.

Hammond, P. J., 1995 ‘Further evidence on the origins of the ‘Lincoln’ style of bowl marking’, Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 45, 11-19.

Hammond, P. J., 2004  ‘Tobacco Pipe Makers Extracted from the Inland Revenue Apprenticeship Books 1763-1810’, Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 65, 22-30.

Tatman, Colin and Hammond, Peter, 2004, ‘Tobacco Pipe Makers Within the Records of the British Lying-In Hospital, London, 1749-1868, Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 66, 33-39.

Hammond, P. J., and Dagnall, R., 2005 ‘The Bellis Family: Pipemakers of Rainford, Rotherhithe and Barking’ Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 67, 22-29.

Hammond, P. J., 2005 ‘The Stubbs Family of Tobacco Pipe Makers’ Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 68, 47-56.

Hammond, P. J., 2006‘Cadger Clay Tobacco Pipes’ Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 69, 15-29

Hammond, P. J., 2006 ‘The Longstaff Family of Tobacco Pipe Makers’ Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 70, 11-14.

Hammond, P. J., 2008 ‘George Colton Moore: Fulham Pipe Maker and Publican (1803-1878), Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 74, 49-51.

Hammond, P. J., 2009 ‘Tennant & Son, Tobacco Pipe Makers, Berwick upon Tweed’ Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 75, 44-56

Hammond, P. J., 2010 ‘William Tennant, Tobacco Pipe Manufacturer, Newcastle upon Tyne’ Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 77, 3-9

Hammond, P. J., 2010 ‘Ebenezer Church: Clay Tobacco Pipe Manufacturer of Pentonville, London’, London & Middlesex Archaeological Society Transactions, 60, 225-248

Hammond, P. J., 2010 ‘Benjamin Richard Aston: Clerk to the London Company of Tobacco Pipe Makers’ Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 78,28-31

Hammond, P. J., and Gallagher, D., 2011 ‘Tyneside Pipemaking in 1878 and the elusive ‘J. Higgins’ Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 79, 13-19

Hammond, P. J., 2011‘The Typology of Marked Pipes within the County of Yorkshire and the City of York after 1750’, Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 80, 44-55

Hammond, P. J., 2012 ‘Christopher Boyes, Tobacco Pipe Maker and Trunk Maker of York (1671-1725)’, Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 81, 13-17

Hammond, P. J., 2013 ‘The Clay Pipe Makers of Plumstead, Kent’ Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 83, 32-33.

Hammond, P. J.,  2013‘The Nineteenth Century Clay Pipes and Pipe Makers of Dartford, Kent, Society for Clay Pipe Research Newsletter, 83, 49-51

Plus a series of articles published in Antique Bottle Collecting 1980 - 1982

 

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